This is the 2nd article in a series called “The 68Mission.” The series examines the potential impact of Micah 6:8 on the church today. In “Part 1 – God’s Case Against His People,” I described how Micah 6 is presented as a covenant lawsuit that God brought against Israel in Micah’s day.
Micah 6:8 establishes God’s most fundamental and universal demands on humans. The requirements placed upon ancient Israel here are essentially the same requirements placed on us. These are not requests, and God has not changed his standards.
In an exposition of this verse, Elmo Scoggin writes, “Three very clear, simple, straight-forward principles are delineated…. Each of the principles is to be incorporated into the routine of daily living. They are not to be ‘tacked on’ to conduct. They are to be as characteristic of the godly person’s conduct as they are of God’s own conduct.”
Principle #1: Do justice. To do justice means to right wrongs. It is looking out for the welfare of our neighbors. In short, it is to treat people like God treats people.
One of the best examples from Christian history of someone doing justice was William Carey. He is most widely known as the father of the modern missions movement, but in India he is famous for helping to end the practice of Sati, in which a recently widowed Hindu woman was burned alive on her husband’s funeral pyre.
Principle #2: Love mercy. English translations use different phrases to capture this idea: “to love kindness” (ESV), “to love faithfulness” (CSB), and “to love mercy” (KJV). The Hebrew word used here is the word hesed (pronounced ke-sed), which includes the idea of faithful love in action. It is an incredibly rich word that usually refers to God’s lovingkindness expressed to Israel: covenantal, unending, and unconditional. This kind of relationship begins as God seeks after humanity with love and mercy.
When we practice hesed love, we reach out with God’s love to everyone: even the most unlovable and most difficult people.
Principle #3: Walk humbly. This command is directed toward our relationship with God. We walk humbly as we recognize God as the Lord of all things. Just as we would be humbled to enter into the palace of a great king, God is the King of all kings. Not only does he allow us to be his humble slaves, but he has even adopted us into his family (Romans 8:15; John 1:12).
Scoggin understands our humility before God to be the bond that ties the first two principles together. He summarizes Micah 6:8 this way: “Walking with God, by his rules, in his paths, after his manner, in proper modesty and humility, with all hindrances removed, so that one is prepared or well-pleasing to God, is possible only when and if one is right with his fellow human beings and with God.”